July 16 1054
The ‘Great Schism’ between the Western and Eastern churches began over rival claims of universal pre-eminence. (In 1965, 911 years later, Pope Paul VI and Patriarch Athenagoras I met to declare an end to the schism.)
July 16 1860
A decree from Emperor Norton I of San Francisco, Emperor of the United States and Protector of Mexico, dissolves the United States of America.
July 16 1917
The Bolsheviks execute the Czar, Czarina, and their children. Contrary to popular mythos, Anastasia did not escape. DNA tests in the 1990’s conclude that the woman who was posing as Anastasia was instead a batty old woman.
July 16 1927
Industrialist Henry Ford settles a $1 million libel suit brought by labor organizer Aaron Sapiro. Ford’s newsweekly, The Dearborn Independent, had accused Sapiro of being part of a conspiracy of “Jewish bankers” to seize control of national wheat production and hand it over to the Communists.
July 16 1945
First Atomic Bomb is exploded at Trinity, Alamagordo New Mexico. The explosion yields the equivalent 18,000 tons of TNT.
July 16 1964
In 1964, in accepting the Republican presidential nomination in San Francisco, Sen. Barry M. Goldwater said “extremism in the defense of liberty is no vice” and that “moderation in the pursuit of justice is no virtue.”
July 16 1973
During the Senate’s Watergate hearings, former White House aide Alexander Butterfield reveals that President Nixon has a secret tape recording system with lavalier microphones hidden throughout the Oval Office.
July 16 1998
An inattentive deputy sheriff in Lafayette, IN, drives his automobile into the stolen tombstone of actor James Dean. The 400 pound tombstone, which was stolen two days prior from Dean’s gravesite at Park Cemetery (and later abandoned on a country road), rips the transmission out of the deputy’s vehicle.